Novel Stroke Risk Reduction Option for Indicated Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
Mar 24, 2015
MARLBOROUGH, Mass., March 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ — This week, four patients in the United States received the first implants of the Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX) WATCHMAN™ Left Atrial Appendage Closure (LAAC) Device. The WATCHMAN Device offers a novel stroke risk reduction option for high-risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) who are seeking an alternative to long-term warfarin therapy. The WATCHMAN Device received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval on Friday, March 13, 2015.
The first WATCHMAN Device procedures in the U.S. were performed by Shephal K. Doshi, M.D., director of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Pacing at Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, CA, and Saibal Kar, M.D., director of the Cardiovascular Intervention Center Research at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles, CA.
“With today’s successful implantations of the WATCHMAN Device, we are changing the way we deal with stroke risk in high-risk patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation,” said Kar. “For indicated patients like those who received an implant this week, the WATCHMAN Device reduces the risk of stroke, without the need for long-term anticoagulation therapy and its subsequent bleeding risks.”
More than five million Americans suffer from an irregular heartbeat called non-valvular atrial fibrillation.i Many of these patients are at increased risk of stroke, but as many as 40 percent of those patients eligible for oral anticoagulant therapy do not take this medicationii and may need a treatment alternative.
“As physicians, we are always looking for new therapies to satisfy unmet patient needs,” said Doshi. “There are many patients like the ones we treated this week with the WATCHMAN Device who are suitable for warfarin, but are not ideal candidates for chronic anticoagulant use. These patients now have a new, proven option to reduce their risk of AF-related stroke.”
The WATCHMAN Device is indicated to reduce the risk of thromboembolism from the left atrial appendage in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who are at increased risk for stroke and systemic embolism based on CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores, are deemed by their physicians to be suitable for warfarin, and have an appropriate rationale to seek a non-pharmacologic alternative to warfarin, taking into account the safety and effectiveness of the device compared to warfarin.
“Boston Scientific is proud to work with physicians in making a meaningful impact on patient lives by bringing left atrial appendage closure therapy to the United States,” said Kenneth Stein, M.D., chief medical officer, Rhythm Management, Boston Scientific.
The WATCHMAN Device was approved by the FDA based on a robust clinical program, which has now included more than 3,300 patients with 6,000 patient-years of follow-up to date. The WATCHMAN clinical program provides strong evidence that the WATCHMAN Device can be implanted safely and reduces the risk of stroke in eligible patients while enabling most patients to discontinue warfarin.iii
Additionally, a meta-analysis of all of the randomized trial data demonstrated that while ischemic stroke reduction favored warfarin, the WATCHMAN Device provided patients with a comparable protection against all-cause stroke and statistically superior reductions in hemorrhagic stroke, disabling stroke, and cardiovascular death compared to warfarin over long-term follow-up.iii
The WATCHMAN LAAC Device has been commercially available internationally since 2009. It is registered in 75 countries and more than 10,000 patients have been treated with the WATCHMAN Device.
About Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) is an irregular heartbeat that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure and other heart-related complications. AF is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, currently affecting more than five million Americans.i Patients with AF have a five-fold increased risk of stroke due to blood stagnating from the improperly beating atrium and the resulting blood clot formation.iv Twenty percent of all strokes occur in patients with AF.v Stroke is more severe for patients with AF, as they have a seventy percent chance of death or permanent disability.vi
The most common treatment for stroke risk reduction in patients with AF is blood-thinning warfarin therapy. Despite its proven efficacy, long-term warfarin is not well-tolerated by some patients due to a significant risk for bleeding complications, and numerous quality-of-life tradeoffs, including dietary restrictions and regular blood monitoring.
About the WATCHMAN LAAC Device
The WATCHMAN LAAC Device is a catheter-delivered heart implant designed to close the left atrial appendage (LAA) in order to prevent the migration of blood clots from the LAA, and thus, reduce the incidence of stroke and systemic embolism for higher risk patients with non-valvular AF. The LAA is a thin, sack-like appendix arising from the heart and is believed to be the source of >90% of stroke-causing clots that come from the left atrium in people with non-valvular AF. Images of the WATCHMAN Device are available at http://bostonscientific.mediaroom.com/image-gallery?mode=gallery&cat=1760.
About Boston Scientific
Boston Scientific transforms lives through innovative medical solutions that improve the health of patients around the world. As a global medical technology leader for more than 35 years, we advance science for life by providing a broad range of high performance solutions that address unmet patient needs and reduce the cost of healthcare. For more information, visit www.bostonscientific.com and connect on Twitter and Facebook.
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Boston Scientific Corporation
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i Colilla S, et al. Estimates of Current and Future Incidence and Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in the U.S. Adult Population. Am J Cardiol 2013;112: 1142-1147.
ii Shah N, et al. Use of Novel Oral Anticoagulants for Patients with Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the NCDR Pinnacle Registry. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014;63(12S).
iii U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Circulatory System Devices Panel: Boston Scientific WATCHMAN® Left Atrial Appendage Closure Therapy (P130013). Sponsor Executive Summary available at: http://www.fda.gov/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/MedicalDevices/MedicalDevicesAdvisoryCommittee/CirculatorySystemDevicesPanel/ucm395638.htm.
iv Holmes DR, et al. Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Management: Present and Future. Semin Neurol. 2010;30: 528–536.
v Hart R, et al. Atrial Fibrillation and Thromboembolism: A Decade of Progress in Stroke Prevention. Ann Intern Med 1999;131: 688–695.
vi Blackshear J, et al. Appendage Obliteration to Reduce Stroke in Cardiac Surgical Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Ann Thorac Surg 1996;61: 755-759.
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SOURCE Boston Scientific Corporation